Thursday, November 20, 2008

New MIRIAM photos

Two new composite images taken during the MIRIAM mission were released today:

This image is an approximate view of what the human eye would have seen during the flight. It shows the MIRIAM Service Module high above Sweden as seen by the Camera Module on top of the REXUS-4 payload section. Since the individual images were taken over a period of several seconds, the relative position and state of individual objects is not correct. The second stage motor can be seen dropping away left from the center of the image, while the Service Module's jammed clamp ring is still attached.
The image capture sequence is from far left to far right.
The individual frames were captured by the Camera Module's solid state video camcorders. Lens distortions ("pillowing") were not corrected, which is why the curvature of the horizon does not match on either side.

This image shows the REXUS-4 Payload section with the still attached second stage motor. It was assembled from frames captured by the left-hand TV-boom-camera on board the Servce Module (the left-hand boom is the red one pointing upwards and towards the observer in REXUS4 Mosaic 02.jpg).

The differences in shades in both images result from the camera's adaptive exposure time, which leads to some frames being darker than others.

Image Rights: The Mars Society Germany and the University of the Federal Armed Forces of Germany, Munich.

Wednesday, November 5, 2008

MIRIAM Official Account

An official account of the MIRIAM mission has been released by Hannes Griebel, the lead systems engineer of Archimedes. With his permission, I am mirroring the article below. The message also includes some pictures of the mission taken from space, about 175km above Earth.


Dear Friends of ARCHIMEDES and the Mars Society,

MIRIAM was launched to a 175km peak altitude from the SSC ESRANGE rocket test site near Kiruna, North Sweden on October 22nd, 2008. It rode on top of the REXUS4 sounding rocket managed and built by the EoruLaunch Consortium of the DLR Moraba group of Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany and ESA.

Unfortunately, after a trouble-free testing period leading up to a picture perfect launch, one of MIRIAM's main interlock bolts jammed upon release. Miriam therefore got stuck on the rocket, which subsequently led to the balloon's clamp ring to get stuck as well.
With the stuck clamp ring, the inflation systems deck started to pressurize a still packed balloon, until overpressure pushed the inflation hose off the hose clamp assembly.

The flight system finally released from the rocket, but far too late. And with the deployment coil springs almost fully extended, it also came off far too slowly, eventually colliding with the rocket's payload section.
Unintentionally positive however, the collision caused the stuck clamp ring to come off, causing a rapid deployment of our partly pressurized balloon.
Because the balloon is only attached to the inflation systems deck at the inflation hose clamp assembly, the balloon was immediately set free, but with little over 10% of its intended amount of filling gas.

All other subsystems functioned nominally and behaved just like they did during tests.

Despite the fact that the balloon was deployed and released, the mission was deemed only partly successful, as the deployment came unintentionally and uncontrolled, and because the balloon did not carry its intended amount of inflation gas.

The reason why one of the main interlocks failed is a matter of investigation. This behavior was never observed during tests.

All subsystems of the REXUS-4 rocket have worked beautifully, exactly as predicted and right on time. We therefore owe EuroLaunch as well as the entire crew on ESRANGE great thanks for a beautiful flight, their outstanding technical support and a rocket as precise as clockwork.

While at it, we would like to take the opportunity to thank everyone who contributed to this mission, no matter how small the contribution was, since every contribution helped us getting off the pad!

After the collision knocked off the stuck clamp ring, the partly pressurized balloon deployed rapidly approximately 140km over beautiful Lappland.

Like in a wide-angle passenger side mirror, "objects in a wide angle camera are closer than they appear": The rocket's payload section as seen from MIRIAM. Unfortunately, the distance here is less than 2m. The balloon's diameter is 4m.

Shortly after atmospheric reentry, the camera- and antenna booms were torn off the discarded MIRIAM Service Module by aerodynamic forces, as they were not designed to withstand reentry. Miraculously, a short while into reentry, the right camera boom came on-line again and briefly transmitted pictures as it was dangling on its wire harness. Sunlight can be seen shining through gaps between the now empty balloon compartment and the obviously still working flight computer module. The coil spring is a remnant of the long gone blossom container inside which the folded balloon rode into space.